• 2nd Cabin on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

    1910-1919

    2nd Cabin on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

  • Ben Lomond on the Britannia Mine survey, 1913

    1910-1919

    Ben Lomond on the Britannia Mine survey, 1913

  • Bringing in Grub from Britannia Mines, 1913

    1910-1919

    Bringing in Grub from Britannia Mines, 1913

  • Fording the Stikine, 1913

    1910-1919

    Fording the Stikine, 1913

  • McEvoy Flats in Ground Hog, 1913

    1910-1919

    McEvoy Flats in Ground Hog, 1913

  • Seymour Lake on the Britannia Mine Survey, 1913

    1910-1919

    Seymour Lake on the Britannia Mine Survey, 1913

  • 2nd Camp in Kicking Horse Valley, 1913

    1910-1919

    2nd Camp in Kicking Horse Valley, 1913

  • C.W. Spence -  probably on the Ground Hog M.T.'s, 1913

    1910-1919

    C.W. Spence - probably on the Ground Hog M.T.'s, 1913

  • From left: Fred Mansell, C.W. Spence, W. Losee with Cariboo, 1913

    1910-1919

    From left: Fred Mansell, C.W. Spence, W. Losee with Cariboo, 1913

  • Crossing the Stikine River on the way to Little Klappan River, 1913

    1910-1919

    Crossing the Stikine River on the way to Little Klappan River, 1913

  • 4th Cabin on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, from left: F.C. Underhill, D.O. Wing?, Mrs. Wing, 1913. FCU was Transitman for D.O. Wing & (Wife) operator of Cabin Store

    1910-1919

    4th Cabin on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, from left: F.C. Underhill, D.O. Wing?, Mrs. Wing, 1913. FCU was Transitman for D.O. Wing & (Wife) operator of Cabin Store

  • F.C. Underhill in Ground Hog or McEvoy Flats, 1913

    1910-1919

    F.C. Underhill in Ground Hog or McEvoy Flats, 1913

  • From Left: F.C. Underhill & J.T. Underhill, 1913

    1910-1919

    From Left: F.C. Underhill & J.T. Underhill, 1913

  • Fording Creek between 4th & 5th Cabin on Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

    1910-1919

    Fording Creek between 4th & 5th Cabin on Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

  • Glaciers crossed on line near Little Klappan River, 1913

    1910-1919

    Glaciers crossed on line near Little Klappan River, 1913

  • Glaciers near Little Klappan River, 1913

    1910-1919

    Glaciers near Little Klappan River, 1913

  • Pack train leaving Old Hazelton for Ground Hog on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

    1910-1919

    Pack train leaving Old Hazelton for Ground Hog on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

  • Loading the horses at Buch Flats on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, H. Edwards at left, 1913

    1910-1919

    Loading the horses at Buch Flats on the Yukon Telegraph Trail, H. Edwards at left, 1913

  • Lunch time on the Ground Hog MT's, 1913

    1910-1919

    Lunch time on the Ground Hog MT's, 1913

  • D. Ross & F.C. Underhill in office tent at 2nd Camp on Britannia Mine survey, 1913

    1910-1919

    D. Ross & F.C. Underhill in office tent at 2nd Camp on Britannia Mine survey, 1913

  • F.C. Underhill & D. Ross at 4th Camp (Tipping's Cabin between Seymour and Staamish Lake) on the Britannia Mine survey, 1914

    1910-1919

    F.C. Underhill & D. Ross at 4th Camp (Tipping's Cabin between Seymour and Staamish Lake) on the Britannia Mine survey, 1914

  • From left: A. Shappert & C.C. Taylor, on the Britannia Mine Survey, 1914

    1910-1919

    From left: A. Shappert & C.C. Taylor, on the Britannia Mine Survey, 1914

  • G.P. Allen on top of Ben Lomond, July/August 1914

    1910-1919

    G.P. Allen on top of Ben Lomond, July/August 1914

  • Mt. Garibaldi from Mt. Ben Lomond, while on Britannia Mine survey, July/August 1914

    1910-1919

    Mt. Garibaldi from Mt. Ben Lomond, while on Britannia Mine survey, July/August 1914

  • Packing around Seymour Lake on Britannia Mine survey, 1914

    1910-1919

    Packing around Seymour Lake on Britannia Mine survey, 1914

  • Seymour Lake on the Britannia Mine survey, 1914

    1910-1919

    Seymour Lake on the Britannia Mine survey, 1914

  • Sky Pilot Group, on Britannia Mine survey, July/August 1914

    1910-1919

    Sky Pilot Group, on Britannia Mine survey, July/August 1914

  • Underhill directory listing, Vancouver Public Library, 1915

    1910-1919

    Underhill directory listing, Vancouver Public Library, 1915

  • Cabin at South Valley, March 1914

    1910-1919

    Cabin at South Valley, March 1914

  • Dining table at camp, March 1914

    1910-1919

    Dining table at camp, March 1914

  • Fording creek between 4th & 5th Cabin on Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

    1910-1919

    Fording creek between 4th & 5th Cabin on Yukon Telegraph Trail, 1913

  • J.T. Underhill, 1917

    1910-1919

    J.T. Underhill, 1917

  • The Lumberman's Building at 509 Richards St,  Underhill & Underhill offices until 1915

    1910-1919

    The Lumberman's Building at 509 Richards St, Underhill & Underhill offices until 1915

  • C.C. Taylor, K. O'Hair, A. Shappert, E.C. McDonald, L. Milward, March 1914

    1910-1919

    C.C. Taylor, K. O'Hair, A. Shappert, E.C. McDonald, L. Milward, March 1914

  • F.C. Underhill, E.C. McDonald, March 1914

    1910-1919

    F.C. Underhill, E.C. McDonald, March 1914

  • The Metropolitan Building at 837 W. Hastings St. was the office of Underhill & Underhill from 1919 to 1921, City of Vancouver Archives, Bu N339

    1910-1919

    The Metropolitan Building at 837 W. Hastings St. was the office of Underhill & Underhill from 1919 to 1921, City of Vancouver Archives, Bu N339

  • Lot survey on Dunbar, in Vancouver, U&U Plan 100-0. by F.C. Underhill, 1915

    1910-1919

    Lot survey on Dunbar, in Vancouver, U&U Plan 100-0. by F.C. Underhill, 1915

  • Survey up Indian River in 1911

    1910-1919

    Survey up Indian River in 1911

  • J.T. Underhill's expences for October 1913 showing trip to Victoria and exam fees for BCLS,  a hair cut was 50 cents, U&U Field Book No. 1

    1910-1919

    J.T. Underhill's expences for October 1913 showing trip to Victoria and exam fees for BCLS, a hair cut was 50 cents, U&U Field Book No. 1

1910–1919

This decade was dominated by the Great War (WWI). Underhill &Underhill was founded in the late fall of 1913 by Frederic Clare Underhill (Clare) and James Theodore Underhill (J.T.).[1] [2] Clare, J.T. and three of their brothers—Capt. Reginald R. Underhill, Lt. Charles B. Underhill, and William (Bill) L.L. Underhill—all served in WWI (1914–1918). Brothers Reginald and Charles were killed at the Battle of the Somme in France.[3] After the war (1919), Clare and J.T. resumed their land surveying business. Both were married during this period.

Milestones

1911

In 1907, at the age of sixteen, Clare travels to Montreal to attend McGill University. He graduates as a Civil Engineer in 1911.[8] J.T. graduates from McGill University College, Vancouver as a Civil Engineer.[4] McGill University College was the predecessor to UBC, which wasn't established until 1915. Following University, the brothers enter their articles to become Land Surveyors in BC.

Clare articles to E.H. Cleveland, PLS, of the firm Cleveland & Cameron, established in 1910. Mr. Cleveland went on to be the first Chief Engineer of the Greater Vancouver Water District from 1926 to 1952. The Cleveland Dam on the Capilano River, in North Vancouver, was named after him.[5][6]

J.T. articled first under G.H. Dawson, PLS, and then M.W. Hewitt, BCLS, when Mr. Dawson was appointed Surveyor General.[7] Dawson and Hewitt were both from the firm Elliott & Hewitt, which at that time was located at the Williams Building, 413 Granville St., Vancouver. That firm was founded in 1886 as Williams Bros. & George Dawson and continues to operate today as Chapman Land Surveying Ltd. in West Vancouver.[7]

1913

At the time of final exams, Clare travels up to the Stikine River country. To get to Victoria, he hikes out 50 miles alone along the Dominion Telegraph Trail. He frequently detours to avoid the grizzly bears fighting over the remains of pack horses that have died in the harsh winter conditions.[8] The brothers obtain their commissions as British Columbia Land Surveyors on 22nd October 1913. Later that fall, they form a business partnership. They name the partnership Underhill & Underhill. The tiny office is located in the Lumberman's Building, 811 - 509 Richards St., Vancouver. Their father, Dr. Frederick Underhill, advances them money from time to time to help them along in their fledgling venture. Dr. Underhill was the City of Vancouver's first full time medical health officer. Starting in 1904, he served the City for some 26 years. He organized the first regular garbage collection in Vancouver, pushed for improvements in the Lower Mainland's water supply, and instituted better inspection of foodstuffs. He was recognized for his role in the Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918. In 1938, the City of Burnaby named Underhill Avenue in his honour.[3]

1914

While Clare works up in the mountains north of Vancouver on the Britannia Mines mineral claim surveys, WWI breaks out in Europe. Canada is at war.

1914–1918

J.T. travels to England and enlists in the East Yorkshire Regiment of the Imperial Forces. He serves with his regiment from 19th March 1915 to 5th October 1916, seeing action both at Sulva Bay, Gallipoli, (where he was wounded, with shrapnel in his heart that remained there until he died) and in France where he is wounded again. On 5th October 1916, Jim is appointed to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, Artillery. He is discharged with the rank of Captain in April of 1919.[9]

1915–1918

Clare is commissioned as Lieutenant, Canadian Field Engineers. He serves overseas in France as a Lieutenant with the 1st Battalion, Canadian Pioneers and Lieutenant and Captain with the Canadian Heavy Artillery until the end of the war. Between the wars, he serves as a Major in the Canadian Field Artillery Reserve.[8]

1918

J.T. marries Florence Ruth Hermon, the sister of James William Hermon, BCLS (#213), and James Ernest Hermon, BCLS (#332), and the daughter of Ernest Bolton Hermon, DLS, LS.[10][11][12] The survey firm of Garden, Hermon & Burwell is established in Vancouver in 1886. It operates to this day as Hermon & Oke.[13]

1919

Clare Underhill marries Irene Anna Creery.[11] The Underhill office is at the Metropolitan Building, 312 - 837 W. Hastings, Vancouver.

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